Friday, May 3, 2013

Cancer-Fighting Drug Avastin Linked To Flesh-Eating Bacteria

Cancer Therapy

An article in CBC News reports that Avastin, the cancer-fighting drug, has been linked to a flesh-eating disease, necrotizing fasciitis.

The CBC reports:
The agency issued a warning in conjunction with the drug's manufacturer, Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., echoing an earlier one from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. It offered no specific details on the two Canadian cases. Avastin is used either alone to treat a particular type of brain cancer (glioblastoma), or in combination with chemotherapy to treat cancers that have spread to other parts of the body such as colon, rectal and lung cancer.
"Roche has conducted a comprehensive safety review that has identified 52 serious case reports of necrotizing fasciitis that occurred between November 1997 and September 2012, worldwide," the company said in a letter to health-care professionals posted on Health Canada's website. "Two of these reports occurred in Canada. A total of 17 of the global cases reported a fatal outcome, including one Canadian death."
The agency said that necrotizing fasciitis is a severe, fast-moving and life-threatening bacterial infection of the skin and soft tissue. It can be brought on by a number of conditions and is the disease that threatened former Quebec premier Lucien Bouchard in the early 1990s. People who have diabetes or cancer have a greater risk of developing necrotizing fasciitis because their immune system responses are lowered.
The FDA issued a similar warning in mid-March, indicating that cases have mainly been seen in people who had wound-healing complications, gastrointestinal perforations or fistulas. Health Canada and Roche said about two-thirds of the cases occurred in people treated for colorectal cancer. Of the worldwide cases, 21 had gastrointestinal perforation, fistula formation or wound healing complications before the necrotizing fasciitis developed.
All of the patients were receiving other chemotherapies besides Avastin, and some patients did not have any other risk factors. Roche will be working with Health Canada to revise the drug's labelling information.
This is both good news and bad; good that the public warning has now been issued, and yet bad that it took so long that people suffered, including one death, from its use. Cancer is bad enough of a disease that it’s horrible and unconscionable that patients should suffer more unexpected side effects. One has to question whether the drug’s manufacturer knew more  than it’s now admitting.


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You can read the rest of the article at [CBC]