Friday, January 7, 2011

Star Trek: The Prime Directive

In the annals of science fiction, where dystopias rule the imaginative roost, Star Trek stood nearly alone in telling us that our future would be better than our past, that our common problems would be solved, that we, as a species, were fundamentally good, and that the universe would reward us for our goodness.
Charles Shaar Murray and Mike Marqusee
in Prospect Magazine

Space: the final frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before.
—William Shatner's introductory narrative
of  the season premiere of Star Trek (1966)

As the right of each sentient species to live in accordance with its normal cultural evolution is considered sacred, no Starfleet personnel may interfere with the normal and healthy development of alien life and culture. Such interference includes introducing superior knowledge, strength, or technology to a world whose society is incapable of handling such advantages wisely.

Starfleet personnel may not violate this Prime Directive, even to save their lives and/or their ship, unless they are acting to right an earlier violation or an accidental contamination of said culture. This directive takes precedence over any and all other considerations, and carries with it the highest moral obligation
Starfleet Prime Directive of Star Trek missions

The USS Enterprise continuing on its original five-year mission of exploration. At the helm was by Captain James T, Kirk (William Shatner).

During the 1970s and onward I had great interest in science and in science fiction. And like many young persons at the time I watched Star Trek, the television series created and launched by Gene Roddenberry in September 1966. The show lasted three seasons and for 79 episodes before its network handlers canceled the show in 1969: the last was aired on June 3, 1969.

By the time I found out about science fiction in the early 1970s, the show was already canceled by NBC and it was being shown in syndication. More than forty years later, the show has a cult following and it is still being shown on television. It is now called The Original Series. Here is the original TV introduction from  its season premiere in 1966, which includes the instrumental musical written by Alexander Courage.

The Original Series is the patriarch, and as such holds an important distinction in the annals of science fiction shows. It has spawned five other TV series under the Star Trek franchise,  including The Next Generation, Deep Space Nine and Voyageur. And films, too. In the last 30 years, 11 Star Trek films have been released, including The Motion Picture (1979), The Wrath of Khan (1982), The Search for Spock (1984), The Final Frontier (1989), and Star Trek (2009), which grossed more than $385-million (US) worldwide.

Star Trek's Original Crew: Promotional photo of the cast of Star Trek during the third season (1968-1969). From left to right: James Doohan, Walter Koenig, DeForest Kelley, Majel Barrett, William Shatner, Nichelle Nichols, Leonard Nimoy, and George Takei. Source:
The Star Trek franchise has been both popular and profitable, generating almost $1.5-billion in total. A sequel, Star Trek 2 is scheduled for a June 2012 release. What is also interesting is that it has been studied academically, with hundreds of papers and books written on it.

For fans and curious seekers, there is much to do and enjoy: there is the official Star Trek site, Star Trek conventions, Star Trek memorabilia, and even a film made about Star Trek fans (Trekkies). It's a complete world devoted to all things Star Trek, and over-all this is a good thing. (I remember being in the midst of a Star Trek Convention in San Francisco in the mid-90s; it was a fun sight to see all the wonderful costumes.)
Such devotion to an idea can be either good or bad. Devotion to a good idea is, well, a good and honourable tradition. Albert Einstein once remarked: "Nothing truly valuable arises from ambition or from a mere sense of duty; it stems rather from love and devotion towards men and towards objective things.” And so is the importance of imagination, play and having fun.

A Trekkie: A Klingon in full gear ready for action.
Photo Credit: Brett Weinstein, 2007. Source:
And now I have to play favourites, a most difficult task, similar to playing favourites with one's children. Although the Original Series has a special place in my heart, given that it introduced me to such a wonderful concept, it is no longer my favourite.

That honour, so to speak, goes to The Next Generation. Equally compelling is the narration that Patrick Stewart (as Capt Jean-Luc Picard) gives with Shakespearean flair. To be fair, it might have much to do with Stewart's Shakespearean experience on the stage, Yet, Stewart doesn't diminish his work with Star Trek, Wikipedia says:
He has also said he is very proud of his work on Star Trek: The Next Generation, for its social message and educational impact on young viewers. On being questioned about the significance of his role compared to his distinguished Shakespearean career, Stewart has said:
The fact is all of those years in Royal Shakespeare Company -- playing all those kings, emperors, princes and tragic heroes -- were nothing but preparation for sitting in the captain's chair of the Enterprise [19].
Which shows the importance of Star Trek and the reason why it remains popular. For example, my eight-year-old son just discovered Star Trek: The Next Generation, with my help, of course, and has become a great fan of the show. Its continuing popularity might boil down to a hopeful vision of the future, first brought forward by Gene Roddenberry and carried forward by others.

As Roddenberry said in 1986: "Perhaps one of the primary features of Star Trek that made it different from other shows was, it believed that humans are improving — they will vastly improve in the 23rd century."

One hopes so, although I always don't always carry that hope. Yet, how you view that statement says much about your current worldview. We always have the hope of a better world as an ideal. Although some people would question (or mock) such simple faith, and label it as brainless, I suggest that such a  hope, however unattainable it might seems today, is not naive, but rather optimistic.

That is refreshing in an age that has become cynical, tired and distrustful. It gives us the impetus to press forward rather than give up.

And it is a hope that is carried by human vessels, with all our fears and faults. In the shows and films, humans struggle with the deep moral and ethical questions and offer no easy solutions, other than we ought to care for each other more. Human life is sacred, and humans need to understand that more fully. We also ought to take responsibility for the harm that we do to others and to our planet.

Which leads naturally enough to the problems that we humans create, when we constantly interfere, often by superior force, with other cultures, peoples and nations, inevitably for purely selfish reasons. You can't really argue against the Prime Directive. If only we humans, especially our powerful leaders, would consider its importance in the beginnings of the 21st century, we might be better off.

It's time to Engage, and as Captain Picard often says: "Make it so."


  1. Enjoyed your blog. I've dragged my boys, 8 and 14, into the Trek universe and they love it now. The themes are so relevant and universal I can understand why Trek has survived for over 40 years. I don't think many people realize how much Roddenberry's vision has infused society over these past decades. He showed a future where it was perfectly natural for black woman to be 6th in line to command a Starship and Russians, Asians, and aliens shared valued positions on the bridge crew. We take all that for granted now, but back then it was a radical concept. Hallelujah. And here's to an even brighter future.

  2. Thank you for your comments. You are absolutely right about Roddenberry and his vision of the future. I sense that well-written science-fiction has a positive effect on society.

    I also introduced my eight-yer-old son to Star Trek. And now he's faithfully going through the ST canon.

  3. I'm a big fan of Orson Scott Card, especially the Memory of Earth series. His moral character shines through his extremely engaging stories.
    I, also, am an author. I have written my first novel in the Trek universe and am editing it with hopes of finding an agent by the end of the year.
    A franchise is probably the most difficult place to break into writing, but that's where my heart took me. My chances are slim, but certainly more than if I hadn't written it at all!

  4. Hi Spocklvr,

    I wish you well and success with your novel. And I wholeheartedly agree on writing from the heart in agreement with your passions. That's creativity at its best. If you're looking for an agent, there's a site that one of my writers' groups recommends: It's Agent Query:

    Since you opened this discussion, I am also writing a science-fiction novel, and I have started posted weekly excerpts (Fiction Sunday) of Chapter 1 on this blog, chiefly as a way to get comments and feedback.

  5. Will try to post but having lots of computer problems today. Grr.
    Read the part of Chapter 1 that you posted. Sounds like an interesting concept. It looks like your main character is driven by the human spirit that cannot be forced into submission either by the state or by his desire to comply with the state in order to be a "good citizen." His inherent desire to be an individual is coming through.
    It sounds like you are part of a critique group. That's always a good thing, even if it can be painful on occasion. The first group I attended was very detrimental. Fortunately I'm in a better one now. I still come home with pages dripping with edits, but the criticisms are accompanied with valid suggestions for improvement. I've grown a lot over the past few years, I'm happy to say.
    There are two books which have been very helpful to me; in terms of eliminating point of view shifts is Orson Scott Cards "Characters and Viewpoints" and in terms of world building etc. "How to Write Fantasy and Science Fiction" also by Card.
    At the moment I feel completely stymied. I have begun a major rewrite of the first third of the book. Two of my characters that I have interacting really should not know each other at this point so I am having to reinvent the premise that takes me into the middle of the book. I haven't written in weeks and keep researching and pushing around character arcs and story arcs till I want to scream.
    Anyway, praying for clarity of thought and the original motivation that got me through the first draft.
    Looking forward to your next installment.

  6. And I forgot to say thanks for the link to!

  7. Hi Julie,

    It's always good to help a fellow writer. While it's good to garner advice, comments and criticism, in the end it's your story. It's important not to lose sight of your original idea and the passion that brought you to tell that story. Keep at it.


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