Thursday, May 16, 2013

Seafood Diet Proves Toxic For Arctic Foxes In Russia

Animal Life

Arctic Foxes In Russia: Brian Owen of Nature News writes: “On Mednyi Island in the Bering Sea
some arctic foxes, such as the one shown here on the left, are in poor health condition, possibly
because of mercury poisoning.”
Photo Credit: PLOS One
Source: Nature News

An article, by Brian Owen, in Nature News says that arctic foxes in Russia are dying from a seafood diet, chiefly due to mercury poisoning.

Owen writes:
The foxes on Mednyi Island—one of Russia’s Commander Islands in the Bering Sea—are a subspecies of Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) that may have remained isolated for thousands of years. They were once numerous enough to support a small yet thriving group of fur hunters. After humans abandoned the settlement in the 1970s, the fox population began to crash, falling from more than 1,000 animals to fewer than 100 individuals today.
Researchers at Moscow State University wanted to find out if the population crash was caused by diseases introduced by the hunters and their dogs, so they teamed up with Alex Greenwood, head of the wildlife diseases department at the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research in Berlin, as well as other colleagues in Germany and Iceland. They screened for four common canine pathogens in foxes captured on Mednyi Island and in the pelts of museum specimens of Commander Island foxes. All they found was a handful of cases of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which causes the disease toxoplasmosis, but that alone did not account for the population crash.
Dangerous diet
So the researchers looked at the foxes’ diet. Mednyi Island foxes subsist by hunting sea birds and scavenging seal carcasses. Because pollutants such as mercury are known to accumulate in marine animals, particularly in the Arctic, they tested the foxes for the heavy metal and found high levels of it. The foxes' hair had 10 milligrams of mercury per kilogram on average, with peaks of 30 mg kg–1. By comparison, inland foxes in Iceland had lower levels, of about 3.5 mg kg–1
The arctic foxes in Russia had at least three times the toxicity levels of mercury compared to foxes living in Iceland; it some cases it was almost 10 times higher. Mercury in the waters of our oceans and seas are posing a huge problem, not only for marine animals, but also land animals, including humans, that consume marine products. Much of it is caused by industrial waste illegally dumped into our waters.

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You can read the rest of the article at [Nature News]

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